Sprinkler Irrigation System
The Benefits of Using Drip Irrigation for Crops & Gardens
Whether you manage a garden at your home or a large crop field, sprinkler irrigation systems can be very beneficial. A sprinkler irrigation system will provide a regular supply of water in the right amounts for your plants, crops, or grass. The two most common types are drip irrigation and standard sprinkler systems. A drip irrigation system works great for plants, flower beds, or vegetable gardens. The system works by emitting a small amount of water to the plants' roots slowly at a steady rate. The water goes deeper into the soil and is distributed directly into the plants' roots. A sprinkler system sprays water into the air, showering the plants from above.
A drip irrigation system offers a controlled way to water plants. The system consists of plastic pipes that are placed underground, normally a few inches below the surface. The emitters connected to the pipes allow water to seep into the soil. Some more complex systems even allow for fertilizers to be released into the soil. In today's world, drip irrigation systems are preferred over sprinkler systems, because they are cost effective and conserve water. A drip irrigation system has more precise watering, creates deeper root growth, more foliage, less evaporation, 70-percent less water waste, less weed growth, and practically eliminates runoff.
Here are some of the parts available for irrigation systems:
- Sprinkler Heads- Choose from rotor or fixed. Rotor heads rotate, are less commonly used, but are good for slopes. A fixed head disperses water in a set pattern and has many applications.
- Irrigation Valves- There are anti-siphon and in-line models. Both can be operated either electronically or manually. The anti-siphon valves assist with controlling water flow and prevent backflow contamination.
- Risers- A riser elevates sprinkler heads and sprays a few inches. They are often made of PVC, metal, or polyethylene. Flex pipe is an alternative; it allows you to move the sprinkler head to water hard-to-reach spots.
- Drip Tubing- Used with an underground system. A hose is positioned above the ground and then the drip tubing is connected to a riser to effectively hydrate your land.
- Timers- They allow watering and flow control to be automatic. Some systems offer single and multiple programming options to allow you to divide a garden, yard, or field into zones with specific watering requirements.